• George W. Bush Institute

    Content & Resources

  • Through our three Impact Centers -- Domestic Excellence, Global Leadership, and our Engagement Agenda -- we focus on developing leaders, advancing policy, and taking action to solve today’s most pressing challenges.

I'm interested in dates between:
--

Taking Action

Advancing Policy

Developing Leaders

Issues

I have minutes to read today:

Programs & Issues

Taking Action

Advancing Policy

Developing Leaders

Issues

Publication Type
Date Range
I'm interested in dates between:
--
Reading Time

I have minutes to read today:

Growing the Workforce: Veterans, Employers, and Universities Should Take Advantage of Forever GI Bill

September 12, 2017 7 minute Read by Corporal Jeffrey J. Cleland, USMC, Ret.
This article is part of a set of policy recommendations the George W. Bush Institute is rolling out this week on growing the American workforce.

More from the Growing the Workforce series:


On August 16, President Donald Trump signed the Forever GI Bill, a piece of legislation that the House and Senate passed in a rare unanimous vote. Beyond the historic nature of that vote, the law stands out for its potential to help veterans and their family members secure good-paying jobs that draw upon their military skills. The legislation also could be a boon for employers and universities seeking to tap the talents of members of the American military transitioning back into civilian life. 

The successful transitions of veterans is a top priority for the George W. Bush Institute since some one million servicemembers are likely to be returning to civilian life over the next five years. Their military service has required them to solve problems in intense situations, run supply chains across the world, and work with people from diverse cultures, among many other duties. Those experiences can translate into civilian life, if veterans are given the opportunity.

Beyond the historic nature of that vote, the law stands out for its potential to help veterans and their family members secure good-paying jobs that draw upon their military skills.

Impact upon the workforce 

The Forever GI Bill stands upon previous efforts in Washington to help veterans enter the workforce. Before this legislation, Congress passed the Post-9/11 GI Bill during President George W. Bush’s administration. That law was a major update of the legendary GI Bill that sent so many veterans to college after World War II. The Forever GI Bill builds upon these influential measures in several ways.        

First, it removes the expiration date for veterans as they pursue education or training. By not having to finish their schooling by a particular date, veterans will be able to pivot and learn new skills as the economy keeps changing.  

Second, the law expands benefits to more reservists and all Purple Heart recipients. That’s significant because these men and women served their country honorably in combat but their time was cut short due to being wounded. This fulfills our responsibility to the servicemembers who gave the most during these conflicts. 

Third, the legislation will help students who are pursuing STEM degrees. Specifically, it will add an extra year of eligibility to open up the option for an advanced degree that will make veterans more employable. 

Each of these reforms, along with other aspects of the bill, will reduce the financial barriers that keep too many veterans from returning to college or some form of postsecondary education. A report by the Student Veterans of America and the Institute for Veterans and Military Families shows that student veterans are more likely to be older, married, and have children. They also work full- or part-time, and are often the first generation in their family to attend college.  

These variables make the cost of an education difficult to stomach, which is why the Forever GI Bill matters to the nearly 50% of servicemembers who are entering higher education after their service ends. The law provides an inexpensive, or even free, path toward education or training. 

What’s more, the STEM emphasis dovetails with the push by the Department of Veterans Affairs to invest in helping veterans pursue the fields of science, technology, engineering, or math. The cost of the effort, some $3.5 billion, will look daunting to some Americans. But STEM degrees will payoff tenfold for veterans, expand the workforce in these dynamic parts of the economy, and lead to greater productivity for the country as a whole. 

Technical training matters, too 

Proper certifications and technical training also can create pathways to opportunities. Welding, advanced manufacturing, plumbing, and electricity are all fields that do not require college degrees but have attractive starting salaries. These fields also have an aging population that is on brink of retirement in the next 10 years. 

Proper certifications and technical training also can create pathways to opportunities.

The Forever GI Bill can help the country reckon with this shortage, while it benefits the roughly 25 percent of veterans who are entering the workforce without a four-year degree. The measure provides an opportunity for veterans to enter an apprenticeship program that trains them for a job. The programs may be offered through an employer or a trade school, both of which could make them marketable.  

Importantly, the legislation will finance parts of the apprenticeship or training. It also will pay the veteran an allowance for housing while in training.  The lack of a place to live is a common problem with many apprenticeship programs. 

How the Defense Department can capitalize 

The Trump administration is rightly pushing for apprenticeships and other training programs. That effort, along with the new legislation, could help with the Department of Defense's (DOD) budget.  

DOD must pay unemployment insurance to any servicemember who leaves service without lining up a job. A better strategy would be for the department to partner with trade schools to offer training while the servicemember is still on active duty. 

That approach would offer real-world training for veterans and ensure they can make the best decision upon leaving the military. What’s more, the DOD would not be stuck with a large unemployment bill. 

We often talk about the military leading to greater socio-economic mobility. But what happens after that service if you can’t climb the economic ladder? Veterans have picked up a wide-range of problem-solving skills through their military service. Employers and universities alike now have a new way to make sure they take advantage of those skills. 

A better strategy would be for the [Department of Defense] to partner with trade schools to offer training while the servicemember is still on active duty.


Author

Corporal Jeffrey J. Cleland, USMC, Ret.
Corporal Jeffrey J. Cleland, USMC, Ret.

Cleland is the Manager of Research and Policy for the Military Service Initiative at the George W. Bush Institute where he specializes in employment transition as well as collective impact in the military/veteran space.  Prior to joining the Military Service Initiative, Cleland was the Director of Innovation and Operations for the Community Engagement & Innovation team at the Institute for Veterans and Military Families at Syracuse University (IVMF).  He developed and managed initiatives in support of establishing, executing, and maintaining oversight of collective impact projects under the technical oversight of the Community Engagement team (AmericaServes). 

Cleland was an Infantry Machine Gunner (0331) assigned to 2nd Battalion, 8th Marines, Fox Company, and was retired from the United States Marine Corps in July 2008 due to injuries sustained while fighting in the surrounding towns of Fallujah, Iraq.  Upon retirement, Cleland returned home to pursue his education at Syracuse University.  He currently resides in his hometown of Camillus, NY with his wife Kimberly, son Colton, daughter Charlotte, and dogs Benelli and Nova.  He holds a B.A. in Policy Studies (Public Affairs) with a Certificate of Advanced Study (CAS) in Creative Collaboration and Conflict Resolution.

Full Bio