Fill out the brief form below for access to the free report.
Economic Advancement is Critical for Tunisia’s Prosperity
As a lawyer and law professor focused on empowering women, Eya Bouchoucha, 2015 Women’s Initiative Fellowship alumna, promotes gender equality and encourages women to be change makers and effective leaders. She seeks to empower others to contribute meaningfully to economic, social, and political spheres in her home country of Tunisia.
Tunisia is a young democracy. In January 2011, my country ousted longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. By 2014, Tunisia had adopted a new constitution and freely elected a new parliament and president. Despite ongoing violence in the Middle East and North Africa, Tunisia shines as a beacon of hope for the region. Independent watchdog Freedom House even named Tunisia the first free Arab country in 2015.
But while the new constitution sets goals to promote shared prosperity by advancing economic opportunity, poverty remains pervasive. In order to break the cycle, Tunisia must promote broad-based fiscal measures for the public and private sectors that account for gender discrepancies.
Caused by corruption and lack of transparency, unemployment, inextricably linked with poverty, is an enduring problem, although numbers have improved in the last few years according to the World Bank. The Tunisian government has a key role to play in creating an environment for economic growth and shared prosperity by promoting a favorable investment climate. The government should amend tax and finance laws and take necessary action against fraudulence to ensure transparency in all sectors.
The private sector plays an important role, too, in generating jobs and economic development for all segments of the population. Top priorities must include investment in startups and the encouragement of entrepreneurship and innovation. These investments will improve prospects for all citizens, including women and youth.
Women face a unique set of challenges when it comes to poverty. Beyond their frequent victimization via domestic abuse and violent extremism, they are often also concentrated in university disciplines that lead to lower paying fields and feminized professions. While they are increasingly better educated than their male peers, as seen in data from UNICEF, females face poorer employment prospects. Women enter professional and managerial ranks at similar rates to men yet remain dramatically underrepresented at senior levels of authority. Until more women have equal opportunity to enter senior positions, underrepresentation in the private sector and society more broadly will persist.
Investing in the education of young girls, cracking down on child marriages and violence against women, informing the disadvantaged and abused of their rights, and preventing teen pregnancy are all steps the government can take to improve outcomes for the impoverished female population. As recently as February, the Tunisian Parliament adopted a new law to counter gender-based violence, but successful implementation will require strong support from both civil society and government. Civil society is also working to develop women’s core competencies in cooperation with the private sector.
Programs like the Bush Institute’s Women’s Initiative Fellowship can support women in overcoming these barriers by empowering them to effect change through leadership and economic trainings. The Fellowship was personally a life-changing experience for me. Through instruction in key leadership skills, I learned how to become a more impactful leader in my country.
Tunisia has taken important steps to solve its challenges, but there is more work to do. By advocating for key legislation, such as laws that counter gender-based violence and promote economic growth and investment, Tunisia will fulfill its hope of acquiring a significant place in the global market.
Eya is a Tunisian lawyer and law professor specializing in business law. Eya obtained her Master’s diploma in Business Law in 2012 from the University of Legal, Political and Social Sciences of Tunis. In 2013, Eya joined the law university as a private law assistant, where she teaches arbitration, commercial, and corporate law. Prior to this opportunity, she worked at Ferchiou and Associates Law Firm as a team leader and legal consultant.
Eya is a member of a banking, financial and business law research unit in Tunisia. She is currently finishing her Ph.D. in Private Law. In addition to her legal career, Eya volunteers at the Rotarct Club, where she organizes events to raise funds for those less fortunate. She believes a solid justice system is key to a strong democracy and wants to ensure Tunisian women are a part of the democracy-building process.
Update: March 2016
Eya is a Tunisian lawyer and law professor with a strong commitment to advocating for women's rights through her work in civil society. Eya believes that a strong justice system is the key to a healthy democracy, and is working to ensure that Tunisian women are an integral part of the democracy building process.
Following her return to Tunisia after the Women’s Initiative Fellowship, Eya joined Junior Chamber International and organized a debate, conference, and workshop for International Women’s Day, March 8, in Tunisia. Through the workshop Eya hoped to give women the tools they need to achieve success, offer advice on how to construct effective projects and share practical ways to take advantage of networking opportunities. Eya also joined the association of another Women’s Initiative Fellow, Emna Jeblaoui, and recently became the legal advisor to yet another organization, the International Institute for Human Development (IiDH). Through these three associations, Eya has organized various events and trainings to promote women's rights in various regions across Tunisia.
Eya credits the sessions at Southern Methodist University for her success as a leader. She believes that the best way to improve her country is by empowering women.Full Bio
Why WE Lead: Women, Not Oil Prices, Key to Middle East’s Future
As world oil prices rise, Middle East leaders must stay the course with economic reforms intended to transform their oil dependence into market-oriented diversity. This includes continued, measurable progress in advancing the economic participation and leadership of women.
What’s Happening in Afghanistan?
While there have been tremendous gains in Afghanistan, lack of security threatens these gains daily.
Why WE Lead: A Conversation with Wilson Center Fellow Michael Gordon
In this Q&A, National Security Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center Michael Gordon spoke with Bush Institute Fellow Amanda Schnetzer about the economic landscape of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).