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Dallas ISD’s teacher of the year demonstrates winning formula for engaging students
This post originally appeared in the Dallas Morning News.
Chatter is the first thing you notice in Josh Newton’s class at Townview High School’s Science and Engineering Magnet. Constant and lively chatter. His 10th-grade calculus students aren’t hamming it up. Rather, they banter back and forth about the work in front of them.
They don’t get easy problems, either. On one of the days I visited Newton’s class, the teens were assigned this objective: Students will find total distance traveled by a particle using an absolute value integral.
I had no idea what that meant, and still don’t. But the 20 students were burrowing deep into the issue. At one point, a girl asked classmates whether one part of the problem mattered. Another shot back “yes,” and the 30-year-old Newton explained why. Soon, he asked for someone to explain the answer for the larger question.
As the discussion evolved, Newton constantly asked questions. He told me that he did so because homework showed some of the students had used the wrong method. At the beginning of each class, Newton tests students on their homework assignments so he knows which areas to drill into.
Each time I visited Newton’s classes, I saw the fundamentals of effective teaching. It’s no wonder that Newton, a University of Texas at Austin graduate, was selected Dallas Teacher of the Year for 2012-13.
Newton’s assignments are clear. His students are engaged in their learning. He interacts with them as opposed to simply lecturing or sitting behind his desk. He tests his students regularly and uses the results to guide his interventions. And he uses multiple strategies to solicit answers, including getting students to pair up to solve problems.
These key elements lead to a student-centered approach. Newton was not the show. The learning was the focus.
He told me that he works on creating an open atmosphere so students can work out their thinking. “Sometimes you need to talk through a problem,” he explained. When one student said his answer to a complicated question was “maybe,” Newton chuckled, in his dry-humor way, that that was a reasonable response.
The humor doesn’t mean Newton lacks control. He firmly let a late student know she was tardy again. And he didn’t let the class wander. After a warm-up session when each class began, he gave students an assignment to show what they grasped. He seemed to keep a good pace.
Newton also knows his material. His grasp of complex math problems goes back to college.
He was an applied math major at UT and learned the pedagogical aspects of his profession through the UTeach program. Pioneered on the Austin campus, UTeach matches math and science majors with those who can instruct them on how to teach.
Knowing a subject is fundamental to good teaching, especially in math. The soft-spoken Newton can break down issues like trapezoidal rule into basic elements.
I’ve seen the qualities that Newton exhibits in other strong teachers in the district. Like Newton, they use humor, frame interesting questions and make content understandable.
What’s more, the journal Education Next recently presented data showing that the academic strengths of teachers are rising. More educators have strong subject knowledge.
Yet on school tours with DISD Superintendent Mike Miles, I have seen instructors spending most of their time lecturing from overheads with kids yawning in the back of class, shades drawn and virtually no engagement.
To put it bluntly: Neither Dallas nor the nation has enough good teachers. That’s why Miles is anchoring his strategies in better teaching and why districts across the country are grappling with better ways to evaluate instructors.
The lack of effective teaching shows up in data, too. Miles acknowledges that only 10 percent of Dallas students are on a track for college. And American students’ 2012 scores on the respected Program for International Student Assessment were flat, while students in numerous other countries passed us by.
Josh Newton is ample proof that top-notch teaching can provide huge boosts to students. Some of his have gone on to prestigious universities, including receiving money for tuition.
At age 30, Newton also shows teachers don’t necessarily need years of experience. The fundamentals are what matter.
William McKenzie, editorial director of the George W. Bush Institute, may be contacted at wmckenzie@bush center.org.
William McKenzie is editorial director for the George W. Bush Institute, where he also serves as editor of The Catalyst: A Journal of Ideas from the Bush Institute.
Active in education issues, he co-teaches an education policy class at SMU’s Simmons School of Education and Human Development. He also participates in the Bush Institute’s school accountability project.
Before joining the Bush Institute, the Fort Worth native served 22 years as an editorial columnist for the Dallas Morning News and led the newspaper’s Texas Faith blog. The University of Texas graduate’s columns appeared nationwide and he has won a Pulitzer Prize and commentary awards from the Education Writers Association, the American Academy of Religion, and the Texas Headliners Foundation, among other organizations. He still contributes columns and essays for the Morning News and The Weekly Standard.
Before joining the News in 1991, he earned a master’s degree in political science from the University of Texas at Arlington and spent a dozen years in Washington, D.C. During that time, he edited the Ripon Forum.
McKenzie has served as a Pulitzer Prize juror, on the board of a homeless organization, and on governing committees of a Dallas public school. He also is an elder of the First Presbyterian Church in Dallas, where he lives with his wife and their twin children.Full Bio