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New Studies on the Cost of HPV Vaccination Programs in Low Income Countries
“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” or so the folk saying goes. Recent studies are beginning to lend evidence as to whether that idiom is true in the case of the cervical cancer control in low income countries. Two studies published on November 13, 2012 shine light on the cost of delivering the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to young adolescent girls aged 9 – 13 years in Tanzania. The studies were published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine and present substantial costs necessary to fund expansion of immunization schemes, yet the authors note that prevention efforts related to cervical cancer are likely less expensive and easier to implement than screening and treatment options for the disease. One study concludes that HPV vaccination programs can be considered cost-effective public health interventions and that school-based HPV vaccination is preferable to age-based vaccination programs. The other study utilizes the World Health Organization (WHO) Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control Costing (C4P) tool developed to estimate financial and economic costs associated with a phased, national HPV vaccine roll-out in Tanzania. Particularly because vaccinating girls of this age requires building up new delivery channels, authors of this study conclude that governments need to plan ahead for significant non-vaccine costs (social mobilization; information, education and communication efforts; and service delivery, among others) when forecasting national vaccination efforts. Pink Ribbon Red Ribbon (PRRR) strives to reduce the burden of women’s cancers in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America and we are delighted to have HPV vaccine manufacturers GlaxoSmithKline and Merck as members of our innovative public health partnership. Their donations of HPV vaccines to countries through PRRR is an integral part of women’s cancer control efforts in our target countries.
This post was written by Doyin Oluwole, MD, FRCP, the founding Executive Director of Pink Ribbon Red Ribbon, based at the George W. Bush Institute.
14 Things to Know About the Life-Saving Work of PEPFAR on its 14th Anniversary
This weekend marks the 14th anniversary of PEPFAR, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, which President George W. Bush signed into law on May 27, 2003 as part of the United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Act of 2003. Since then PEPFAR has saved nearly 12 million lives. Here’s a look at 14 interesting facts about PEPFAR, which has lead the progress in the global campaign to end AIDS. In 2003, at the signing of the PEPFAR legislation, less than 50,000 people in sub-Saharan Africa were on antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV/AIDS, now 11.5 million individuals are on ART due to PEPFAR. 99.5 percent of HIV-positive pregnant women are receiving ART, a more than 40 percent increase since the beginning of 2014. This has led to nearly 2 million babies being born HIV-free to infected mothers. Since the start of PEPFAR, new HIV Infections have declined 51 to 76 percent. Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) can reduce men&rs
President and Mrs. Bush's Visit to Namibia and Botswana in Photos
They delivered a message to Congress and all Americans: lives in Africa matter.
Building on America’s Leadership in Global Health
The new administration should stay the course as a strong leader in global health. This is a bipartisan effort, as both sides of the aisle have agreed on the importance of health care investments through successive Congresses and administrations, reflecting the priorities of the American people.
7 Things to Know about PEPFAR on World AIDS Day
Today marks World AIDS Day: a day to honor those lost, celebrate the global progress made in the fight against AIDS, and commit to put an end to the disease. In 2003, at the signing ceremony for the legislation that enacted the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), President George W. Bush said, “We believe in the value and dignity of every human life. In the face of preventable death and suffering, we have a moral duty to act, and we are acting.” Since then, PEPFAR has delivered life-saving antiretroviral treatment (ART) to 11.5 million people, and nearly 2 million babies have been born HIV-free with PEPFAR support. PEPFAR’s success contributes to a coordinated global effort to end AIDS. UNAIDS reports that since 2000, 18.2 million people have access to treatment for HIV, new infections of HIV have decreased by over 1 million infections, and AIDS-related deaths have decreased by 1.4 million. There is real hope for endin