Denied: One Cuban Dissident’s Elusive Trip to the U.S.
Today in Washington, President Barack Obama will present the Presidential Medal of Freedom to 16 individuals, including former President Bill Clinton, television celebrity Oprah Winfrey, and country music star Loretta Lynn. Although previous recipients were graciously invited to Washington to help celebrate the award’s fiftieth anniversary, at least one past honoree won’t be present: Dr. Oscar Elias Biscet of Cuba. He’d like to be there. Cuba’s communist government would rather he not.
In 1963, President John F. Kennedy created the Presidential Medal of Freedom to recognize individuals who have made significant contributions to our nation and the world. The medal itself was designed to symbolize the United States’ “determination to maintain the freedom and democracy of mankind” and the “strengths and convictions of our own early struggle for freedom.”
The symbolism of the design is especially poignant in the case of Oscar Biscet. For his nonviolent opposition to Cuba’s communist regime and his advocacy for freedom and democracy, Biscet was arrested along with 74 other activists in 2003 in what became known as the Black Spring. In 2007, President George W. Bush awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Biscet for his courage. Still in prison at the time (he wasn’t released until 2011), Biscet asked his family to accept in his absence.
While most of the Black Spring prisoners have left Cuba, Biscet is among a small number who refuse to leave permanently. But that doesn’t mean he wouldn’t like to travel.
Earlier this year, the Cuban government ended its policy of requiring an exit visa and invitation for travel to a foreign country. Since then some prominent dissidents have been allowed to go, speak their mind, and return home without incident—at least so far. Others, like Biscet, have applied to Cuban authorities for passports and been rebuffed. They would probably let Biscet go, if he would agree not to come back. No doubt in the communists’ view this would make him less of a threat to their power.
Biscet recently told Radio Marti that “I think they made a mistake by not letting me take this trip, because ultimately I am not an imminent threat to the government and it could have been a gesture of civility and progress.” Instead, Biscet still considers himself a “political prisoner of the government.”
Biscet’s 2007 Presidential Medal of Freedom is in safekeeping as part of the Bush Institute’s Freedom Collection. We can all look forward to the day when he can come and take it home to a free and democratic Cuba.
Amanda Schnetzer serves as the Director of Global Initiatives at the George W. Bush Institute. In this role, she oversees the work of the Women's Initiative and the Human Freedom Initiative.
As founding Director of the Human Freedom Initiative at the George W. Bush Institute, she lead the strategic development of original public policy research and programmatic efforts to advance freedom by developing leaders in emerging democracies, standing with those who still live under tyranny, and fostering U.S. leadership through policy and action.
Previously Amanda was president of the Dallas Committee on Foreign Relations. As director of studies and a senior fellow with Freedom House in New York, she guided research, methodology, and outreach for the organization’s definitive studies of human freedom. Freedom House’s "Nations in Transit" series, which Amanda edited, informed U.S. government decisions on assistance to 29 emerging market and democratic states. Amanda also conducted in-depth research on U.S. foreign policy and managed high-level international forums at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C. She is a published writer and editor.
A native of Louisiana, Amanda received a Master of Arts from Georgetown University and Bachelor of Arts from Southern Methodist University, graduating Phi Beta Kappa. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.Full Bio
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